Are you new to the world of boating? If so, welcome! We are sure you are going to enjoy yourself out there on the water. Before you head out, though, it is very important you get familiar with the basics. Our team at CraigCat want to make sure you properly know how to anchor. You can’t go fishing if you are floating all across the lake. We are the professionals to trust, Orlando. We sell everything from compact boats, to equipment.
Small Boat Anchoring
Many boaters, whether fishing, swimming, or socializing aboard, spend their best hours anchored rather than underway. It doesn’t help you cause if you are floating everywhere the water pushes you. With that in mind, let us look at ways to keep your time at anchor comfortable and safe. The photos that follow illustrate tips for anchoring small boats for short periods of time; as the size and displacement of the boat increase, you’ll need a heavier ground tackle and different techniques to manage it. This is necessary with all compact boats.
Our Simple Steps To Anchor
- Find A Good Spot
- A good anchorage offers protection from wind and waves, swinging room, and a quality bottom. Choosing an anchorage that’s protected from waves is the best insurance against dragging, as the loads from a pitching bow increase the likelihood of dragging an anchor.
- Make sure your anchor works for the particular bottom; the lightweight fluke-style anchor shown here works best in sand or mud; it wouldn’t work well on a grassy, rocky, or hard-clay bottom.
- Prepare For Anchoring
- Before the anchor goes over the bow, make sure you have plenty of rode and that it’s free of tangles and ready to run. Anchor rode where length is marked ahead of time helps you determine how much to put out. A length of chain helps weigh the rode down at the anchor for better holding. When you are ready to set, the boat should be motionless or drifting very slowly astern. Any forward motion will knock the anchor against the boat’s stem.
- Drop The Hook
- Pick a spot to drop anchor, keeping in mind where you want the boat to end up and that the anchor will drag a short distance before it sets. As the boat drifts back, lower the anchor slowly to the bottom, then gently pay out the rode. This will prevent the chain from piling up in a heap. If the anchor and rode all pay out in one line, free of tangles, everything should be ready to set it securely in the bottom. Take a turn around a cleat and snub it off every now and then to let the tackle straighten out.
- Pay Out The Proper Scope
- Most adult arm spans are between five and six feet across, so you can quickly pay out a 5:1 scope by counting the same number of arm spans of anchor rode as the water depth plus your bow height.
- Add the depth of the water to the height of the bow above the waterline. Then, multiply that total by 5, and pay out that amount of rode for a “lunch hook” when you will be aboard in calm conditions.
- Your anchor holds best when the load on it is horizontal, not vertical, so you will have to let out enough scope to accomplish that.
- Set The Hook
- Once you’ve let out ample scope, let the boat settle back on the anchor to straighten out the rode. A gentle breeze or a mild current may be sufficient for this step. If it’s absolutely still, use the engine with just a touch of reverse. Pause and take a good look around, especially abeam; note your position relative to other fixed objects.
- Now put the engine in SLOW reverse. You can expect to move slightly astern as the anchor and rode set themselves and stretch out. Soon, though, the boat should settle in a fixed position. If the boat’s position is fixed, you should see prop wash near the stern, and your anchor rode should be straight and taut.
- To thoroughly set the anchor, with the engine still in reverse, increase the rpm. If the boat stays put, you can rest easy, knowing you’re hooked. Check your swinging room again, assuming that the wind or current might come from any direction.
- When it comes time to move on, you will need to apply a vertical load to your anchor rode to break the anchor free. This means moving gently forward with the engine, and if you don’t have a windlass, gathering aboard as much rode as you can by hand.
- Beware of keeping the rode out of the propeller and rudder, and communicate the position of the rode with the person on the helm if visibility is blocked. Once the rode is directly below the bow of the boat, take a turn on a cleat. Then, signal the helmsperson to put the engine in slow forward. The anchor should break free; if it doesn’t, apply a little more throttle.
- Once the anchor is free, go back into neutral. Bring the anchor and rode aboard, taking care not to damage the hull, and rinse off any mud. Coil and stow the rode, and you’re ready for your next anchorage.
Call Us Today
If you need assistance when it comes to how to properly anchor, CraigCat is here to help. We take pride in being the top dealer of compact boats in Orlando. Call or visit us today for more information.